Sudoku (Japanese), sometimes spelled Su Doku, is a logic-based placement puzzle, also known as Number Place in the United States.
The aim of the canonical puzzle is to enter a numerical digit from 1 through 9 in each cell of a 9x9 grid made up of 3x3 subgrids (called "regions"), starting with various digits given in some cells (the "givens"). Each row, column, and region must contain only one instance of each numeral.
Completing the puzzle requires patience and logical ability.
Although first published in a U. S. puzzle magazine in 1979, Sudoku initially caught on in Japan in 1986 and attained international popularity in 2005. The first world championship was in Lucca(Italy) from 10 to 12 March 2006.